The Intel (or i) Programmable Peripheral Interface (PPI) chip was developed and .. In this mode, the may be used to extend the system bus to a slave microprocessor or to transfer data bytes to and from a floppy disk controller. PPI is a general purpose programmable I/O device designed to by interfacing with microprocessor · I/O Interface (Interrupt and DMA Mode). Direct memory access with DMA controller / Step After accepting the DMA service request from the DMAC, the CPU will send hold Interface with microprocessor for 1’s and 2’s complement of a number · Parallel .
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The Intel or i Programmable Peripheral Interface PPI chip was developed and manufactured by Intel in the first half of the s for the Intel microprocessor.
The is a member of the MCS Family of chips, designed by Intel for use with their and microprocessors and 82255 descendants . The functionality of the is now mostly embedded in larger VLSI processing chips as a sub-function. All of these chips were originally available in a pin DIL package.
Microprocessor – 8257 DMA Controller
Address lines A 1 and A 0 allow to access a data register for each port or a control register, as listed below:. It is an active-low signal, i.
As an example, consider an input device connected to at port A. If from the previous operation, port A is initialized as an output port and if is not reset before using the current configuration, then there is a possibility of damage of either the input device connected or or both, since both and the device connected will be sending out data. Controlled two modes are selected on the basis of the value present at the D 7 bit of the control word register.
Controoller line of port C PC 7 – PC 0 can be set or reset by dna a suitable value to the control word register. This mode is selected when D 7 bit of the Control Word Register is 1.
For example, if port B and upper port C have to be initialized as input ports and lower port C and port A as output ports all in mode The two halves of port C can be either used together as an additional 8-bit port, or they can be used as individual 4-bit ports. Since the two halves of port C are independent, they may be used such that one-half is initialized as an input port while the other half is initialized as an output port. The ‘s outputs are latched to hold the last data written to them.
This is required because the conhroller only stays on the bus for one cycle.
Intel – Wikipedia
So, without latching, the outputs would become invalid as soon as the write cycle finishes. The inputs are not latched because the CPU only has to read their current values, ema store the data in a CPU register or memory if it needs to be referenced at a later time.
If an input changes while the port is being read then the result may be indeterminate. When we wish to use port A or port B for handshake strobed input or output operation, we initialise that port in mode 1 port A and port B can be initilalised to operate in different modes, i.
Some of the pins of port C function as handshake lines.
Microprocessor DMA Controller
For port B in this mode irrespective of whether is acting as an input port or output portPC0, PC1 and PC2 pins function as handshake lines. Only port A can be initialized in this mode. Port A can be used for bidirectional handshake data transfer. This means that data can be input or output on the same eight lines PA0 – PA7.
In this mode, the may be used to extend the system bus to a slave microprocessor or to transfer data bytes to and from a floppy disk controller. Acknowledgement and handshaking signals are provided to maintain proper data flow and synchronisation between the data transmitter and receiver.