Art as Technique by Victor Shklovsky. Victor Shklovosky, a founder of the OPAYAZ group in Russia, occupies a significant position in Russian Formalism by. Art as a Technique by viktor Shklovsky. Shklovsky brings out that there comes a point were perceptions become habitual thus becoming. Art as Technique” () is the most important statement made of early. Formalist According to Shklovsky, the chief technique for promoting such perception.

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Art as a Technique by viktor Shklovsky | span

Viktor Borisovich Shklovsky [1] Russian: He is one of the major figures associated with Russian formalism. Shklovsky was born in St. During the First World Warhe volunteered shklovsoy the Russian Army and eventually became a driving trainer in an armoured car unit in St. Shklovsky participated in the February Revolution of Subsequently, the Russian Provisional Government sent him as an assistant Commissar to the Southwestern Front where he was wounded and got an award techniue bravery.

Viktor Shklovsky – Wikipedia

Shklovsky returned to St. Petersburg in earlyafter the October Revolution.

shkloovsky He opposed bolshevism and took part in an anti-bolshevik plot organised by members of the Socialist-Revolutionary Party. After the conspiracy was discovered by the ChekaShklovsky went into hiding, traveling in Russia and the Ukraine, but was eventually pardoned in due to his connections with Maxim Gorkyand decided to abstain from political activity.

His two brothers were executed by the Soviet regime one inthe other in and his sister died from hunger in St. However, inhe had to go into hiding once again, as he was threatened with arrest and possible execution for his former political activities, and he fled via Finland to Germany. In the same year he was allowed to return to the Soviet Unionnot least because of an appeal to Soviet authorities that shklovskyy included in the last pages of his epistolary novel Zoo, or Letters Not About Love.


The Yugoslav scholar Mihajlo Mihajlov visited Shklovsky in and wrote: When we said goodbye to Viktor Borisovich and started for Moscow, I felt that I had met shklvsky of the most cultured, most intelligent and best-educated zrt of our century. In addition to literary criticism and biographies about such authors as Laurence ShklofskyMaxim GorkyLeo Tolstoyand Vladimir Mayakovskyhe wrote a number of semi-autobiographical works disguised as fiction, which also served as experiments in his developing theories of literature.

Shklovsky is perhaps best known for developing the concept of ostranenie or defamiliarization shklovzky translated as “estrangement” in literature. And so, in order to return sensation to our limbs, in order to make us feel objects, to make a stone feel stony, man has been given the tool of art.

The purpose of art, then, is to lead us to a knowledge of a thing through the organ of sight instead of recognition. By “enstranging” objects and complicating form, the device of art makes perception long and “laborious. Art is a means of experiencing the process of creativity.

Art as a Technique by viktor Shklovsky

The artifact itself is quite unimportant. Shklovsky’s work pushes Russian Formalism towards understanding literary activity as integral parts of social practice, an idea that becomes important in the work of Mikhail Bakhtin and Russian and Prague School scholars of semiotics.


Shklovsky was one of the very early serious writers on film. A collection of his essays and articles on film was published in Literature and Cinematographyfirst English edition He was a close friend of director Sergei Eisenstein and published an extensive critical assessment of his life and works Moscowno English translation.

Beginning in the s and well into the s Shklovsky worked as a screenwriter on numerous Soviet films see Select Filmography belowa part of his life and work that, thus far, has seen very limited attention.

In his book Third Factory Shklovsky reflects on his work in film, writing: Second of all, the name isn’t hard to explain. The first factory was my family and school. The second was Opoyaz.

And the third — is processing me at this very moment. Life as a Novel” documentary film by Vladimir Nepevny. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Saint PetersburgRussian Empire.

MoscowSoviet Union. Ecocriticism and Italy and Viktor Shklovsky: Bloomsbury Literary Studies Blog.

Third FactoryDalkey Archive Presspp. Film Diary — Amerikanka. Retrieved from ” https: Views Read Edit View history. In other projects Wikimedia Commons. This page was last edited on 12 Decemberat By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Saint Petersburg Imperial University.

Literary theory Literary criticism.