Riboswitches and RNA thermometers (RNATs) are regulatory elements contained of many bacterial riboswitches have deciphered the molecular architecture of .. to complete translation of downstream gene in a zipper like fashion [70]. Fig. Bacterial RNA thermometers: molecular zippers and switches (English). 0 references. author name string. Jens Kortmann. series ordinal. 1. 3 Catalytic RNAs RNA binds metal ions that function Kortmann J, Narberhaus F. Bacterial RNA thermometers: molecular zippers and switches.

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Structured RNA elements are known to respond to different stimuli, for example metabolite-sensing riboswitches Serganov and Nudler, Use of dimethyl sulfate to probe RNA structure in vivo. Heat-induced synthesis of sigma32 in Escherichia coli: Second, only a relatively short region of several nucleotides of an in vitro synthesized and labeled RNA can be investigated. When it comes to the identification of new regulatory RNA structures, classic structure probing techniques suffer from a couple of limitations.

Bacterial RNA thermometers: molecular zippers and switches – Semantic Scholar

Login Register Login using. This approach permits the identification of ss regions only. Showing of extracted citations. Long and complex structures involving regions in both the untranslated and coding regions are used to permit translation at aippers temperature.

Bacterial RNA thermometers: molecular zippers and switches.

Hydroxyl radicals cleave at RNA bases that are solvent-exposed. These seminal findings along with quantitative studies on the role of secondary structures in translation initiation De Smit and Van Duin, established the concept that temperature-dependent modulation of RNA structures can regulate translation efficiency.

Simultaneous folding of alternative RNA structures with mutual constraints: Since then numerous RNAT-controlled heat shock and virulence genes have been discovered. thermomwters


Structural data can be used to constrain RNA structure prediction algorithms in order to obtain more accurate experimentally-derived secondary structure models of all the sequenced transcripts. What is now emerging is that the three-dimensional architecture of mRNA influences its entire life cycle: Together, in vivo and in vitro data provide valuable complementary information to unveil biologically relevant structures and their dynamics.

Cotranscriptional folding and the progressive binding of proteins and ribosomes guide the folding into secondary structures that can differ from the structure of an RNA molecule folded and probed in vitro. Given that the principle has been established in yeast Wan et al. The melting temperature of each sequenced transcript was measured at a single nucleotide resolution, which led to the identification of RNA regions that undergo conformational changes in a physiological range of temperature.

The authors declare that the research was conducted in the absence of any commercial or financial relationships that could be construed as a potential conflict of interest. Multiple layers of control govern expression of the Escherichia coli ibpAB heat-shock operon. Although often successful, this approach is laborious because every RNAT candidate must be experimentally validated, for example by reporter gene fusions, typically in E.

Sangita Phadtare RNA biology Topics Discussed in This Paper. Understanding the transcriptome through RNA structure. Genome-wide bioinformatic prediction and experimental evaluation of potential RNA thermometers. We will be provided with an authorization token please note: Not only the sequence but also the overall architecture differs substantially bacrerial presently known RNAT. References Publications referenced by this paper.

Frontiers | How to find RNA thermometers | Cellular and Infection Microbiology

The first reported RNAT are unique and rather complex. The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author s or licensor are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. RNA structure discovery has entered a new era by coupling structure probing to next-generation sequencing. A trans-acting riboswitch controls expression of the virulence regulator PrfA in Listeria monocytogenes.


Citations Publications citing this paper. RNA-mediated thermoregulation of iron-acquisition genes in Shigella dysenteriae and pathogenic Escherichia coli. The sequencing reads are mapped to the reference genome or transcriptome and the position of each read along the transcript provides information on single- and double-stranded nucleotides.

Abduljalil Non-coding RNA research Liberation of the RBS permits formation of the translation initiation complex and translation occurs. After DMS treatment, the RNA is thermoneters and the modification position is detected by reverse thermoeters and deep sequencing.

Probing the structure of RNAs in solution. Regulatory impact of RNA secondary structure across the Arabidopsis transcriptome. Pubmed Abstract Pubmed Full Text. In this article, we describe how such RNA thermometers RNATs have been discovered one by one upstream of heat shock and virulence genes in switchees past, and how next-generation sequencing approaches are able to reveal novel temperature-responsive RNA structures on a global scale.

PCC Kortmann et al. Plant Cell 24, — After establishing that 38 transcription factors did not control cssA expression, it emerged that an RNA structure is responsible for this effect.

The growing awareness of temperature-responsive RNA structures triggered systematic searches for RNATs upstream of heat shock and virulence genes. Comparison between in vitro and in vivo data will ultimately provide a detailed picture of the RNA structurome in its physiological context.