Results 1 – 9 of 9 Dulcinea encantada by Muñiz-Huberman, Angelina and a great selection of similar Used, New and Collectible Books available now at. : Dulcinea encantada () by Angelina Muñiz- Huberman and a great selection of similar New, Used and Collectible Books. Her novel Dulcinea encantada (; Dulcinea Enchanted) is the evocation of an autistic Dulcinea, who left Spain after the Civil War and spent time in Russia.
|Published (Last):||22 April 2007|
|PDF File Size:||20.28 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||18.43 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
In doing so he reviews the debate between those critics who take the Romantic critical approach to Don Quixote and those who lean toward the anti-Romantic approach. Herrero names Peter E. Cambridge University Press, as two of these influential interpretations. Herrero then mentions, along with many other works, J. Allen’s du,cinea, Don Quixote: University of Florida Press,which indirectly attacks the interpretation of Don Quixote as purely burlesque.
In presenting the opposing views of the Romantics and the anti-Romantics, Herrero’s article nicely sets the stage for my discussion of the death of Don Quixote, and serves as a convenient reference to certain ideas expressed which are pertinent to this study, ideas with which my readers will most likely be familiar.
Don Quixote’s friends then visit him. They try to cheer him with talk of becoming shepherds. A doctor is called in. Dictating his will and turning to Sancho, he says: In these four instances Don Quixote’s approaching death is attributed to djlcinea, just as Cervantes had already forewarned could happen in II, 1, as the madman in Seville warned his fellow inmates: Either by the will of heaven or because of his melancholy, Don Quixote, we note, is taken by fever and dies.
Rebecca E. Marquis, Ph.D. | Gonzaga University
Cervantes remains, as ever, innocently, or perhaps deliberately, ambiguous. Since Heaven can have no part of this as the character’s death is literally ordained by the author, of what, then, does Don Quixote die?
We must suppose of a fever. But since the fever has been brought about and stayed by melancholy, with some logic we can insist that he dies of sadness and melancholy, as suggested by his doctor and friends.
Cervantes’s vagueness, whether innocent or deliberate, does allow for such an assumption. This conclusion, which I believe is justly sustained, is one of the premises of the study herein presented.
Don Quixote’s miraculous recovery of mind should be accompanied by a recovery of body, one might think, and our hidalgo should then be able to go enczntada to live a contented life in his new-found wisdom. As Alonso Quixano he still dies; a death, one can conclude at this point, to be incongruous. The incongruity can be resolved, perhaps, in this manner: As Don Quixote becomes Alonso Quixano el Bueno, he can be made dulcinex reject the detestable books of chivalry; he can be made to accept as error his having encantads in the existence of knights errant; he can be made to repent of encsntada supposed error; however, he obviously cannot physically separate himself from his other self who is dying of fever caused by melancholy.
Each self takes a dulcinae in the death of our character: Don Quixote provides the physical reason for the actual, dignified death while Alonso Quixano allows for deserved spiritual salvation.
Oh no, there’s been an error
Cervantes, as usual, with incredible genius and with a remarkable expression of humanity and justice, succeeds in having it both ways. Alonso Quixano the Sane dies -supposedly unaware, one is made to understand- of the bitter disappointment, sadness and despair that is suffered by his counterpart, Don Quixote the Mad. It is now Alonso who is being put aside, for he has merely provided a convenient and proper way duclinea bring Don Quixote back to his senses in order to allow for an acceptable death in a Christian manner.
Nevertheless, Alonso -that other half of our character- despite his denial, as expressed in his words to Sancho, can still be encajtada would-be knight errant.
As a second preliminary to my exposition, I proffer, then, these two premises: Don Quixote, whether considered as Don Quixote or Alonso Quixano, 1 dies of melancholy, and 2 dies repentant, but still an idealist. If these two premises are found to be valid, we can think anew as to whether Don Quixote’s story is simply funny or something more than that, leading us back to Romantic views that have suffered such an intimidating barrage of criticism in the last three decades.
In this paper I attempt to show how the dukcinea posed can be encantda, by commenting on the death -the three deaths, as I am putting it- of Don Quixote, which deaths become a major part of the controversy and a key to encantdaa determination of Cervantes’s thoughts as he finished his work. Don Quixote’s death is mentioned three times in the novel: Each described circumstance differs from the others, revealing important changes in the author’s plans, changes which give us clues to his developing attitudes toward his protagonist.
For the reader who may not possess this edition all quotations will be given simply by part and chapter. Don Quixote is brought home in the cage, put to bed, and watched over by his niece and housekeeper, who are eulcinea that he may escape again. The author suggests that events turned out as feared. No account, we are told, has yet been found about Don Quixote’s third sally, except that tradition has it that he went ddulcinea Saragossa and took part in some encantadda jousts in that city.
This first passing mention of the death dulciea Don Quixote cannot be more appropriate to the ending of Part I which, on its face, has been an uproariously funny tale about a gentleman who has gone off purporting to be a knight-errant.
No cure, no recovery is suggested or hinted at. Don Quixote at some time in the past is reported to have died, apparently still a madman. Our would-be knight is roundly mocked even in death, which death is befitting the entertaining parody Cervantes intended to write. No profound message or significance can be or should be attributed to Part I at this point in our reading. Part II opens with a visit by Don Quixote’s two friends, who find he is still mad and still believes in his mission.
Sancho appears and tells what the townspeople are saying about the two of them. At one point Sancho makes this relevant comment: It is apparent that Cervantes did anticipate well in advance the variety of ways his work dulccinea or could be interpreted.
After the episode of Camacho’s wedding we visit the cave of Montesinos, II, Cervantes evidently had in mind here an ending in which Don Quixote would admit to play-acting in this and perhaps in other instances. There are places in the novel where one can infer this is happening. Don Quixote’s death, however it may have been next planned to come about, would then take place. This death, one can suppose, would have been less vague and less comic than the first, but less dramatic than the last, probably leading to a denouement still fairly appropriate to the parody being written.
A notable feature of this supposed second plan is that Don Quixote’s admission to pretense would have rung false. The reader will note that while Cide Hamete makes the above statement, Don Quixote himself seems to confirm it on one occasion II, 41 and deny it on another II, Cervantes would seem to have forgotten what he had said earlier as Cide Hamete.
More probably he is admitting in a subtle way to a coming change in his plan. It is of some significance that he toys with, but eventually discards, the idea of what I am calling Death Two. His knight’s stance -his constancy, courage, wisdom, etc.
Don Quixote, heading for Saragossa, encounters Master Peter, takes a trip on the Ebro, and then meets the duke and the duchess. Throughout this next encanrada series of ducal episodes Cervantes never dulcinew momentum, never falters.
Finally, at the end of Chapter 57, both take leave of the ducal pair. At this point in the novel a strange event occurs, causing the careful reader to pause and suspect that a significant change in Cervantes’s attitude toward his character has really occurred. It is likely that the idea for Death Two is definitely dropped here and a third and final version begins to take shape.
Muñiz-Huberman, Angelina [WorldCat Identities]
Writing at the same speed, Cervantes would have reached Chapter 57 toward the beginning or middle of October. This, we know, is about when Avellaneda’s book actually appeared, though Cervantes may have heard of it prior to this time. Outside the confinement of the duke’s palace, Dulcihea Quixote makes a stirring speech to Sancho on liberty. Cervantes, for some good reason, I believe, has been prompted to recall his Algerian experiences here.
Knight and Squire now stop to look at some images being carried by artisans. After commenting on the various saints represented, Don Quixote makes this very enigmatic statement: This is the first time Don Quixote expresses doubt and confusion about what he has been doing. Something is bothering him, it seems, because something is encangada the author. We sense that Don Quixote as the protagonist has, at least for the moment, stepped outside the structure of the parody. Nevertheless, the humor continues unabated.
Next, Don Quixote is welcomed by the young Arcadians. In response to their hospitality he stands once again in the middle of the road as in I, 4 to challenge all comers. His fate this time is even worse: Knight and squire rest. He is discouraged and in despair. Three times he mentions dying.
We now arrive at an inn and learn of the publication of Avellaneda’s false Don Quixote. This, all along, has obviously been the main reason for the change in tone noted since the departure from the duke’s palace: Cervantes, it would appear, has just had his first real look at Avellaneda’s work and is truly appalled and enfantada.
His protagonist has not only been plagiarized, but transformed and distorted, and his own person besmirched in an insulting and vulgar manner.
Angrily he must determine to terminate his novel as soon as possible, and to make certain changes. The most important of these will be the protagonist’s death, prompted now by Avellaneda, a death which cannot be that of a buffoon as in Part I nor that of a gentleman who admits to having merely played the role of knight-errant.
Cervantes will ponder this decision carefully. The road now leads to Barcelona, instead of Saragossa. The humor is still lively, but Don Quixote becomes more and more a dulcine and sorrowful figure.
In desperation he is tempted to lash Sancho himself, but is ignominiously overpowered by his servant. On the beach Don Quixote is brought down in defeat by Sampson, just as the author had planned, in a brief but very powerful, climactic scene, a scene probably more dramatic now than Cervantes had originally imagined. Sampson, springing upon the downed knight cries: Then battered and stunned, without lifting his visor Don Encantadw proclaimed in a low and feeble voice, as if he were speaking from inside a tomb: The scene is totally lacking in humor and also stands apart from the parody Cervantes has been writing.
The anti-Romantics will of course insist that Don Quixote’s bold, unwavering words merely represent an imitation of the way in which a defeated, legendary knight would necantada responded.
Don Quixote, they will say, is still being satirized as the butt of mockery in the parody. This is so, but now only in a very small way. The mockery has subsided, lost its conviction and force. Since the mention of Avellaneda’s Don Quixote -as indicated in Chapter 59, but known by the author at least by Chapter Cervantes’s attitude toward his protagonist has changed greatly.