Ann Anat. Jul; doi: / Epub Apr 3. Medical Students’ Assessment of Eduard Pernkopf’s Atlas: Topographical. The following biography is mainly based on the article “The History of Eduard Pernkopf’s Topographische Anatomie des Menschen” (see bibliography) by David. A University of Vienna investigation determined in that Eduard Pernkopf’s anatomy department used bodies of executed prisoners from the Gestapo and.

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They should “[promote] those whose heredity is more valuable and whose biological constitution due to heredity gives the promise of healthy offspring [and prevent] offspring to those who are racially inferior and of those who do not belong. Pernkopf, who was a professor of anatomy in Vienna in the Thirties and Forties, was a fanatical Nazi, as were most of his illustrators.

He began writing the meticulous text of the Atlas incollecting and dissecting human bodies that had been murdered by the Nazis; overseeing the avowedly Nazi artists who painted the intricate details even incorporated Nazi iconography into the illustrations. Lehrbuch der Krankenpflegeschulen, volume 4.

These became the descriptive text that accompanied the images. No information found here must under any circumstances be used for medical purposes, diagnostically, therapeutically or otherwise.

The University of Vienna, once among the premier medical schools of Europe, lost of its faculty members, including 3 Nobel laureates. List people by country List people alphabetically Pernko;f eponyms alphabetically List all women alphabetically.

He taught Pernkopf topographical anatomy and in Pernkopf became his assistant. Case Western Reserve University. In he earned the title of associate professorwith a promotion to full professor two years later. His fortunes would eduardd radically as a result. Important questions remain, however.

What should we do about Eduard Pernkopf’s atlas?

Since then physicians have discussed whether it is ethical to use the atlas as it resulted from Nazi medical research. A recommendation for the continued use of the Pernkopf atlas”. As a student he had worked under Ferdinand Hochstetter, director of the university’s anatomy institute.

Their collaboration coincided with the development and refinement of four-colour separation, a printing technique which enabled the more than watercolour paintings produced for his work to be reproduced in colour with great fidelity to the originals.


Some of the scientists who were involved in bringing the activities of Pernkopf and other Nazi-era anatomists to light advocate for the atlas’ continued use.

In his signature, Lepier frequently used the “r” at the end of his name as the basis for a swastikaand Endtrasser likewise used two Sig runesthe lightning-bolt insignia of the Schutzstaffel SSfor the “ss” in his name.

We thank David J.

Eduard Pernkopf and the Ethics of Science from Holocausts | Evolution News

In Pernkopf and his atlas came into the focus of a controversy in scientific ethics following the publication of a paper by Professor Edzard Ernstwho had recently been chair of Rehabilitative Medicine at the University of Vienna[8] that outlined the Nazi takeover of the university and highlighted the human experimentation that followed, including the role of Pernkopf himself.

Eduard Pernkopf — was an ardent, politically active Austrian-Nazi; the signatures of the artists who painted the illustrations in his atlas include Nazi insignia. However, the death of his eduadd, the village’s doctor, in led him to pursue medicine instead, as his father’s death caused the family considerable hardship that a career as a physician was more likely to reverse.

This is the question faced by many doctors and scientists. Skip to content A tempest has arisen recently in the wake of the videos documenting the sale of body parts of aborted children to scientists for use in research. However, he was arrested by American military authorities in Augustand pernkipf May he had been terminated from all his remaining positions with the university.

The project confirmed that at least 1, bodies of executed persons were delivered to the University during the Nazi times and its usage cannot be excluded from at least images of the atlas. They were joined by two new painters.

One of his first acts as dean was to purge the medical school faculty of Jews and other undesirable members. Views Read Edit View history. Leipzig and Vienna, At the time he was first hired as Hochstetter’s assistant, he began putting together an informal dissection manual for students.

Medical Students’ Assessment of Eduard Pernkopf’s Atlas: Topographical Anatomy of Man.

His former facilities at the university were unavailable to him since the anatomical institute had been bombed during the war. The third volume, covering the head and neck, was released in To examine the ethical issues involved, the author first reviews recently published work regarding Pernkopf and his atlas, with the caution that facts are few in a debate where emotions run high and opinions abound.


At the ceremony installing him in that position, he acknowledged Hochstetter’s tutelage by dropping to his knees in front of the older pednkopf and kissing him on the hand. He served in the military as a physician for a year during World War I. Eduard Pernkopf was the son of a practicing physician and the youngest of three children.

– Eduard Pernkopf’s Atlas— “a tainted beauty” – AHRPAHRP

Back in Vienna he rose quickly in the academic ranks. This page was last edited on 27 Decemberat A plate from pednkopf atlas depicting the lungs and their blood vessels.

Indeed, Richard Snell, M. Human fetal tissue research for clinical application has been a failure, and the use of human fetal tissue in research perpetuates the market in slaughtered children. His anatomical atlas, the magnificently illustrated Topographische Anatomie des Menschen Atlas of Topographical and Applied Human Anatomymaps the human body in exquisite detail and has been hailed as one of the most important anatomic atlases since the work of Vesalius.

He forwarded a list of those who refused the latter to the university administration, who dismissed them from their jobs. It was large enough that it required two books, one devoted to anatomy in general and the other covering more specifically the chest and pectoral limbs.

He is best known pernkop his seven-volume anatomical atlas, Topographische Anatomie des Menschen translated as Atlas of Topographical and Applied Human Anatomy ; often colloquially known as the Pernkopf atlas or just Pernkopfprepared by Pernkopf and four artists over a year period.