HISTORIA PRAWA SJKA ZIELISKA PDF

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The present paper briefly surveys the developmental lines along which Polish customary and statutory legal systems have evolved. Emphasis is placed on the time period zileiska until the Third Partition of Poland. Originally, Polish law formed a customary system.

Custom and Statute: A Brief History of Their Coexistence in Poland

However, in the course of centuries, this system was partially modified by statutory law, the statutes being first the creation of the monarchy and later that of the parliament.

Between the thirteenth and fifteenth centuries, customary law began being compiled into various collections.

The latter, as the proper place for the monarch to adopt statutory rules, laid the foundation for future parliamentary structures. Thus, customary and statutory law coexisted in Poland during this time period. Land law, on the other hand, was overwhelmingly customary in nature even in the fifteenth century. Then, in the sixteenth century, attempts were made to replace the custom with a codified land law system.

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In some cases, however, the statutory law would contradict older practice and zieljska, thereby introducing new norms. In the sixteenth century, when regular parliaments Sejms began to fully function, the old ius ducalewhich once allowed the monarch to zieloska in the substance of customary law, ceased to exist.

Additionally, the nobility, who controlled Sejm activities, showed no real intention of intervening in the custom. Ultimately, during the mid-sixteenth century, the legislative nature of customary norms ceased to be questioned. Two old Polish institutions — life annuity between husband and wife and the securing of a loan by mortgage — exemplify the predominant role of the custom over the statute.

Custom and Statute: A Brief History of Their Coexistence in Poland

This tendency is particularly evident in penal law, homicide being a prime example. Statutory law, on the other hand, was more successful in the area of procedure. However, it is possible to encounter the same tendency as in the aforementioned institutions of private and penal laws, an example being the old Polish possessory sjma.

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The coexistence of the custom and the statute in the Polish legal system is supported by a long-lasting zoeliska, the role of the custom being not entirely eliminated even today. Grynwaser, Pismavol. A Guide in their History ,New York Abstrakt The present paper briefly surveys the developmental lines along which Polish customary and statutory legal systems have evolved.

Winawer, Najdawniejsze prawo zwyczajowe polskieWarszawa,