The Pasteurization of France, trans. A. Sheridan and J. Law, Cambridge Mass.: Harvard University Press, , BRUNO LATOUR The ‘Franslatcd by Aian Sheridan andjolin r^iw The Pasteurization of France Bruno Latour Translated by Alan Sheridan and John Law. The Pasteurization of France [Bruno Latour, Alan Sheridan, John Law] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. What can one man accomplish.
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Both announced that they were speaking in the name of invisible, rejected, terribly dangerous forces that must be listened to if civilization was not to collapse.
Fourth and last, it seems impossible to deny that Pasteur’s rapid successes were due to the application at last of scientific method in an area that had been left too long to people groping in the dark. Why should we still do for Pasteur’s genius what we no longer do for Napoleon’s or Rothschild’s?
When pastekrization the microorganism pass from the mother’s vagina to the well-closed eye of the newborn infant? This displacement of the best-intentioned actions is truly discouraging: Indeed we are, but Tolstoy has forever subverted the notion of leader, strategy, and chain of command: Indeed, we are tempted to fall down on our knees in admiration, frnce the rapid, complete transformation of a society is attributed to the “thought” of one man.
It is the hygienist movement that defined what was at stake, prescribed the aims, posed the problems, demanded that others should solve them, distributed praise or blame, and laid down priorities. Even the Pasteurians who were most determined to spread the myth of a Pasteur struggling alone against the shades of obscurantism are forced to recognize the unanimity with which his experiments were received. Instead of leading to sociological reductionism, this method leads to an unexpected irreductionism.
Join Our Mailing List: The Revue Scientifique, a general weekly review founded in the mid-nineteenth century and written by scientists themselves for a wider educated public, falls somewhere between Scientific American and the general-interest pages of Science. Kristen Moore rated it really liked it Dec 29, The Pasteurian, of course, the revealer of microbes. Although every town in France has a street named for Pasteur, was he alone able to stop people from spitting, persuade them to dig drains, influence them to undergo vaccination?
The counter-example that I have chosen to study is so obviously incontrovertible because of the way it is habitually formulated: So with that in mind I have some problem with your sentence: Many historians have insisted on this obsession of the time with the regeneration of man. The first defines the “trials of strength”; the second enables us to explain what “po- tency” is made up of.
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After the cure of Joseph Meister alone, Richet exclaims: If socio-logy wishes to be the science of “social facts,” then it cannot understand this period. It proliferates; the woman dies; you lose a client Duclaux: The reader must now understand that, if the hygienist movement had not been pre- sented first, it would have been necessary to attribute a “prodigious efficacy” to the experiments of Pasteur himself.
Armaingaud, for instance, forms an odd aUiance with the microbes: A crowd may move a mountain; a single man cannot. There must be certain things that we can no longer go back on.
Several cross-disciplinary boundaries are crossed to prove his points: The radical party, for instance, gained ground every- where by forcing the traditional agents of the social game pasteurizaation take account of the dangerous laboring classes, whose actions and inten- tions were so little known. Gexaedron rated it it was amazing Mar 31, In all these relations, these one-on-one confrontations, these duels, these contracts, other agents are present, acting, exchang- ing their contracts, imposing their aims, and redefining the social bond in a different way.
It does not matter that Pasteur developed an exact science, that the radical party occupied a growing place in parliament, and that Freud developed a science that is still controversial.
My library Help Advanced Book Search. But in order to extirpate the microbe, we must place pasteurizatikn representatives of the hygienists or Pasteurians everywhere.
The Pasteurization of France — Bruno Latour | Harvard University Press
They and their ways must frande interrupted. In order to mobilize the public authorities and, indirectly, the inert masses, they needed to be able to drive a sanitized path through the cities that no agent could interrupt or divert. In order to make my case, I seem to be putting myself in an in- defensible position. Just as they made their societies, they also made their own history.
August 20, at 7: Science, another actor, which must in turn be recorded and defined by its performances. Nor do we pasteurizaion to know in advance what is important and what is negligible and what causes shifts in the battle we observe around us.
The Pasteurization of France by Bruno Latour
In such a state, nothing could divide up the time of hygiene into recognizable periods. The absence or presence of a controversy Strong Microbes and Weak Hygienists 53 is a measure only of the angles of movement of the actors.
Surgeons could go into the stomach, they could wield the lancet in the ovaries, and still hope that the living individual on whom they were operating would not die at once. The skepticism led straight to fatalism. A single mi- passteurization may endanger everything.
Thus, two mechanisms must be distinguished. In particular, they do not wait for the sociologist to define for them the society in which they live. By deploying the same forces, Fuchs gets results that bear no comparison with earHer ones. Without being th, I nevertheless recorded the great majority of the allusions, however distant, to Pasteur and his microbes throughout the pages of the Revue. A war is not a connection of bits and pieces of other spheres. He does not base society on biology, like a vulgar contemporary; he redefines society itself, a society in which the new agents intervene now and at all points.
It was to achieve such a supersession that every argument on the microbes was immediately seized upon, amplified, generalized, popularized, beheved 52 War and Peace of Microbes by those who had taken responsibility for directing the sanitization and regeneration of Europe.
I must admit that there is no established stock of such concepts, especially not in the so-called human sciences, particularly sociology. There was controversy about the danger of cemeteries. Thus, all the great pasteurizahion of hygiene — overcrowding, quaran- tine, smells, refuse, dirt — were gradually retranslated or dissipated.
Regarding this matter, Latour describes his method in this book as remaining open so that we pasteurizatioj not need to prescribe the role and power of each agent:. We do not have to know what this writer “really” wants any more than we have to know what the generals surrounding Napoleon or Kutuzov “really” wrote in their marching orders.